Tomares ballus

Tomares ballus Fabricius 1787

Common Names

Verdigris Hairstreak (English), The Provence Hairstreak (English), Cardenillo (English), الفراشة النحاسية الشعرية (Arabic)

Languages: English

Overview

Description

Size: 28-30 mm. The underside of the hindwind is green and diagnostic. The male has slight red patches on the upperside of the forewing ; while the female has a lot of red.

Conservation

Status in Egypt

Resident

Abundance

Destruction of habitat probably implies extinction in Egypt

IUCN

Data Deficient , probably Extinct in Egypt

Threats

Habitat destruction

Description

Taxonomy

Red markings on the upperside of the forewing of male led Graves to describe a specifically Egyptian subspecies, mareoticus, but Larsen (1990) doubts it.

Ecology and Distribution

Global Distribution

Narrow (western Mediterranean, extending to Egypt)

Distribution in Egypt

Coast west of Alexandria. AOO = 17 km2. EOO = 4040 km2. 3 locations.

Records

10 records. Latest in 1919 (Marsa Matrouh)

Habitat

Open meadows with short grass. Larva attended by Plagiolepis ants.

The Flight Period

January-March

Trophic Strategy

Host-plants: probably Lotus (Leguminosae).

References

F., Gilbert., & S. Zalat. (2007).  Butterflies of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo, Egypt..