Zygophyllum album L.
خريزى، خريزه (Arabic), خريزه (خُريزه)، خريه (خِرية) (Arabic), حديده (حِديده) (Arabic), يوال، خريسه، خريس (Arabic), طرطير، قلام، بلبل (Arabic)
Zygophyllum album is a perennial mealy-canescent low shrub with many branched stems. The leaves are 2-foliolate, whitish, mealy-pubescent, with cylindrical to obovoid and fleshy leaflets. The flowers are small with white and clawed petals; they grow solitary and axillary. The fruit is a pear-shaped, 5-lobed 6-9 x 5-7 mm capsule. The seeds are elliptic, and tuberculate.
Height: 25-50 cm.
Ecology and Distribution
Spain, North Africa, East Mediterranean Region, Sinai, Southern Arabia, Socotra, Tropical East Africa.
Distribution in Egypt
Libyan Desert Oases, Nubian Desert Oases, Mareotic Sector, North Sinai, Libyan Desert, Nubian Desert, Arabian Desert, Isthmic Desert, Galala Desert, Gebel Oweinat, South Red Sea Coast, North Red Sea Coast, Mountainous Southern Sinai, Libyan Desert (Location: Quattara depression), Gulf of Aqaba Coast (Location: Nabaq).
Coastal and Inland Saline Sandy Soils.
- Zygophyllum proliferum Forssk. (synonym)
- Zygophyllum amblyocarpum Baker (synonym)
- Zygophyllum album L. var. amblyocarpum (Baker) Hadidi (synonym)