Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam.
Lotus jujube (English), Lotus tree (English), Wild jujube (English)
Ziziphus lotus is a perennial deciduous thorny shrub, that reaches up to 1-3 m and often forms thickets up to 5 m diam. The stems are intricately branched, glabrous with very sharp, stipular spines one of them shorter and curved. The leaves are 1-2 x 0.5-1 cm, with ovate-oblong to broadly elliptic blade, obtuse apex, and crenulate margins, with a minute gland at the top of each crenule. The flowers are 3-4 mm, yellowish and produced solitary or few in clusters at the leaf axil. The fruit is a globose drupe that becomes yellowish at maturity with brown seeds.
Height: 1-3 m
Ecology and Distribution
Spain, East Mediterranean, North Africa, Arabia, Socotra.
Distribution in Egypt
Stony and Sandy Ground.
- Rhamnus lotus L. (synonym)