Veronica catenata

Veronica catenata Pennell

Languages: English



Veronica catenata is A glabrous perennial herb with ascending stems. The leaves are 3-4.5 x 1.5-2.5 cm, sessile, linear-lanceolate, with dentate margins, acute, rarely obtuse apex, and cordate-amplexicaul at the base. Flowers are small, with white, pink or blue-lavender, tubular with 4 rounded-diamond shaped petals; the upper lobe is streaked with darker purple at the base, and the lower lobe is smaller than the others; they are fused at the base forming a short tube, greenish on the inside of the throat. The flowers are grouped in racemes at the top of the plant and from leaf axils in the upper plant. The fruit is a rounded capsule.


Status in Egypt




Height: 30-60 cm

Ecology and Distribution

Global Distribution


Distribution in Egypt

Nile Valley North of Nubia, Nubia, Libyan Desert Oases, Nubian Desert Oases, Gulf of Aqaba Coast, North Red Sea Coast, South Red Sea Coast.


Moist ground, canal banks.

Life Expectancy



F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis. (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..
L., Boulos. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..
V., Täckholm. (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..
V., Täckholm., & M. Drar. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..