Marrubium vulgare

Marrubium vulgare L.

Common Names

Common white horehound (English), ربيه (رُبيه) (Arabic)

Languages: English

Ecology and Distribution

Global Distribution

Europe, Caucasia, Mediterranean region, Sinai, Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan; naturalized in north America, south Africa and Australia.

Distribution in Egypt

Mediterranean region and Sinai.


F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis. (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..
L., Boulos. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..
V., Täckholm. (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..
V., Täckholm., & M. Drar. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..