Heliotropium ramosissimum

Heliotropium ramosissimum (Lehm.) Sieb. ex A. DC.

Common Names

جرير، مديب، سجيعه (Arabic)

Languages: English




It is a pubescent white-bristly perennial plant with a woody base. Stems are terete, much branched from the base, procumbent or ascending. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, with acute or obtuse apex, revolute margins, and tapering base. Flowers are sessile or subsessile, in 1 rank, with white, hypocrateriform corolla and arranged in  terminal, forked spike-like, dense cymes. The fruit is subglobose and composed of 4 Nutlets which are free or connate in pairs; all of them are fertile or 2 of them are abortive; the dorsal surface is with or without dermal appendages and with acute apex.




Height: 20-50 cm

Ecology and Distribution

Global Distribution

North Africa, Egypt, Arabia, Iran , Afghanistan.

Distribution in Egypt

Isthmic Desert (Location: Maghara). 


Sandy desert wadis and plains, calcareous ridges

Life Expectancy



  • Heliotropium undulatum Vahl var. ramosissimum Lehm. (synonym)
  • Heliotropium ramosissimum (Lehm.) Sieb. ex A. DC. var. trichocarpum DC. (synonym)


F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis. (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..
L., Boulos. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..
V., Täckholm. (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..
V., Täckholm., & M. Drar. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..