Halophila stipulacea

Halophila stipulacea (Forssk.) Sch.

Languages: English



Halophila stipulacea is a dioecious perennial herbaceous plant with a terete rhizome and erect stems that reach up to 2-3 x 0.5 mm long. Leaves are of 1 pair on each erect stem; the blade is 2.5-5.5 x 0.6-1 cm, glabrous, oblong-linear, with rounded apex, cuneate base and serrulate margins. Male flowers are with 7–15 mm long pedicel and ovate tepals, with a prominent central vein; while female flowers are sessile. The fruit is ellipsoid, with a beak up to 6 mm long and 30–40 seeds.



Height: 2-3 x 0.5 mm

Ecology and Distribution

Global Distribution

Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, India.

Distribution in Egypt

South Red Sea Coast, North Red Sea Coast, Arabian Desert, Galala Desert, Mountainous Southern Sinai, Isthmic Desert, North Sinai, Mareotic Sector.


Sheltered shallow sea-water, sandy and muddy shores.

Life Expectancy



  • Zostera stipulacea Forssk. (synonym)


F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis. (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..
L., Boulos. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..
V., Täckholm. (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..
V., Täckholm., & M. Drar. (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..